Since there are total number of 340 dog breeds that has been officially recorded up to year 2020.As, i started researching and reading about these breeds it is not a new thing that most of the dog breeds are not natural and are designed by us,humans.Years and years of cross breeding and at times modifying their original anatomy we have managed to have that number of 340 and this number might keep on growing as there is no limit of cross breeding and modifying their original state.
Our relation with these fantastic animals might date back to our cave days,even there are no such evidence.Science daily has the following statement about the dogs.
By analyzing the DNA of two prehistoric dogs from Germany, an international research team led by Krishna R. Veeramah, PhD, Assistant Professor of Ecology & Evolution in the College of Arts & Sciences at Stony Brook University, has determined that their genomes were the probable ancestors of modern European dogs. The finding, to be published in Nature Communications, suggests a single domestication event of modern dogs from a population of gray wolves that occurred between 20,000 and 40,000 years ago.
There are total of 7 groups of dogs:
Dogs are classified in 7 different groups: Herding, Sporting, Non-Sporting, Working, Hounds, Terriers, and Toy breeds. They all have different purposes and based on uses and characteristics, these different groups are used as a way to identify dogs.
Originally from Mexico and made famous by the celebrities clinging them to the shows and at times even carried in hand bag, this is officially the smallest breed in the world. Don't get fooled by their size as they can snap strangers and children alike.There are many types of Chihuahua like apple head, deer head and long haired to name a few. Their average price starts from Rs 16ooo for pups in Nepal market.
These are one of the breeds that was raised by Nepalis,giving them the privilege of staying indoors.They had a different name given to them being Moti. These breeds have a sharp mouth not in a sense of teeth but they have a sharp barking tendency.They are quite furry and are very much loved by the Nepalis.By culture, we used to pass on the pups to friends and families.This shopping habit on dogs are a recent habits that us Nepalis that developed.
Pugs were originally bred to be a companion for the ruling family in China. Believe it or not , they were so prized that there were even guards guarding them.For, the last decade or so it has been quite a choice for Nepali families to own one.Wrinkled nose, round eyes and due to its low activity cost ]it has been a choice of breed among Nepalis. Average pup price starts from Rs 10 k, depending upon the color of the pug.
These breed although less popular in Nepal are distinguished by their long face,beautiful eyes and pointed ears.Their egg shaped head and features are mostly suitable in show dogs.They come mostly in two colors and have a beautiful patched eye with their coat color.
This breed can sometimes look as if they have mingled with some of our street dogs.But although they do not hold such unique physique their original purpose was like earth terriers. This makes them an excellent performance breed participating in a variety of events: natural hunting which includes earthwork, agility, rally, obedience, tracking, go-to-ground, and conformation, etc. They are also therapy and service dogs.
This breed was originally bred as a pit fighter but later when that was over decades of changes on upbringing as led it to become a family pet, ultimately getting name as american gentleman.Although small they are very sturdy and muscular and those round eyes always gives us a message saying "i love you". I haven't come across this breed in Nepal but since so many breeds entering the market, they must be somewhere.
Blood Hounds are used by law enforcement to find missing person or an escapee.They have one of the best scenting skills among the canine kingdom. Their features include long wrinkled face with very loose skin,huge dropping ears and a very warm set of deep eyes.They are huge dogs and require a great deal of healthy diet and exercise.One amazing trait of this breed is the ability to smell humans from a very great distance and even after days.
Basset Hound are friendly easygoing dogs,but don't get fooled by their temperament as they can be very stubborn at times.They are happy with being in their packs as they have been designed to hunt in packs.They have top notch smelling skills just below the blood hound. They can be an excellent choice as a family pet dog.
This is one of my personal favorite breed.While living abroad once i purchased a pup in Indonesia, but since the rules are you cannot ship or buy a pup less than 3 months old i had to cancel it.They have a excellent smelling ability and their noses guide them through their life.I would love to have one of them and go on a rabbit hunt.Their price in Nepal starts from Rs.36000 for a pup.
Since years the work guard dog links to the Doberman.They have an excellent hearing skill and can recognize a pin drop.Although , they have a reputation of being aggresive and vicious guardians with proper training and handling they can be a family pet dog as well.Their price starts from Rs. 18000 in Nepal
Although by looks they are quite huge and look aggressive, but their temperament can be quite deceiving.They are mostly used as guard dogs and are very powerful and renowned for their endurance.I have come across these few in Nepal, and they act as an excellent guards.Their price in Nepal starts above Rs.40,000.
There are two types of these breeds namely Siberian and Alaskan.Though Alaskan breed is not a registered breed. Their wolf like structure and blue eyes are their trademark.
These breeds are imported from abroad and sold in Nepal in hefty price. These breeds are strictly working dogs and are not suitable inside a house, chained up or with very little or no exercise at all.
American Eskimo DogNon-Sporting Dogs
Called “the dog beautiful” by his admirers, the American Eskimo Dog, or “Eskie,” is a striking fellow with his white coat, sweet expression, and black eyes. He’s a Nordic dog breed,a member of the Spitz family.
Bull DogNon-Sporting Dogs
The Bulldog, also known as the British Bulldog or English Bulldog, is a medium-sized dog breed. It is a muscular, hefty dog with a wrinkled face and a distinctive pushed-in nose.These breeds are pet-owners mostly men's dream dog.They are sold expensive and are hard to find a pure breed in Nepal.
Gradually, this breed is taking a house hold name in Nepal.The Dalmatian is a breed of large-sized dog, noted for its unique white coat marked with black or liver-colored spots and used mainly as a carriage dog in its early days. The origins of the breed can be traced back to Croatia
English Cocker SpanielSporting Dogs
Stocky and sturdy, English Cocker Spaniels have been a favorite of presidents and television icons alike: Truman and Nixon both owned these dogs; and Oprah has three! This breed also sometimes works in hospitals,although dogs are banned in hospital here in Nepal In fact, some English Cocker Spaniels have been known to identify cancer in British patients
Labrador RetrieverSporting Dogs
Another popular dog breed in Nepal, There are 3 major colors of these breeds. They were originally bred in the coastal sea of a labrador. There are certain traits among them that distinguish them from golden retrievers. Many people confuse them as one.
Golden RetreiverSporting Dogs
In Americas this breed is very famous and it’s phenomena in Nepal is getting it’s momentum. There are certain traits and characteristics that people need to know before having one.
Rough CollieHerding Dog
Also referred as “collies,” the most famous member of the breed was the iconically loyal Lassie. Devotion to a single person or family is a common trait among the breed. A long-haired, alert dog with a regal posture, they should be socialized from a young age to prevent shyness around strangers.
Border CollieHerding Dog
This is known one of the most intelligent breed among the dogs.Although i haven’t come across this breed in Nepal,there are people willing to sell the puppies from Rs.8,000..I doubt this breeds purity in Nepal.